Border Collie – Dog Breeds Information Details

Border Collies are a herding dog breed that have been bred for centuries to help herd sheep. They are also used as service dogs, guide dogs, and pets.

Border Collies are typically medium-sized with longish hair, strong hindquarters, and erect ears which they often use to listen for the sounds of the sheep or cattle they’re supposed to be guiding. Their coats can come in any color but white; black is most common. Sometimes it’s mixed with other colors such as brown or tan — this is known as “badger face.” Border Collies make good companions because they’re affectionate and energetic without being hyperactive like some breeds (such as Pit Bulls).

It’s not easy to train a Border Collie. They’re smart, but they can be stubborn and independent-minded. If their antics get too much for you, remember: a bored dog is often a destructive dog!


A Border Collie is an adaptable breed of dog. Also, they are easy to train and can be taught to herd sheep or any livestock. The Border Collie’s mind is based on instincts so it’s not too hard to train them. Border Collies also have a very high level of focus and will often work until they reach the desired goal.


Border Collie with an 85% trainability rating.

There’s no question that the Border Collie is an extremely intelligent dog. It is known for its unrivalled working ability, but can equally impress with its behavioural traits. The breed ranks at number 8 in Stanley Coren’s book “The Intelligence of Dogs”.

Working ability, however, does not equate to trainability. A common misconception about these herding dogs is that they are hyperactive and too energetic to be trained. As a matter of fact, they do require serious exercise before training can begin. If you don’t provide it with proper activity levels during your daily routine, your best friend will soon start acting up!

To make things even more difficult, this breed has a tendency to pay attention to everything you say or do. It can easily pick up on your body language during training sessions. With that in mind, you need to learn the best way to work with this breed’s instincts and abilities.

It is important to remember that working breeds are not known for their “obedience”. They only do what they think is necessary to please their owners. As a result, you will have to teach it exactly what behaviour you expect from it before starting off. If these dogs are treated too roughly without guidance or discipline they could become savages who won’t listen to anyone!

You should approach its training by setting goals which are achievable with time spent together every day. Training sessions should be short at first but gradually build in length as progresses through its puppyhood into adulthood.

Border Collies are very sensitive dogs who do not respond well to harsh training methods. If you get too aggressive with your instructions, it will shut down and ignore all of your commands! Generally, this breed responds best when its owner remains calm and assertive during training exercises.

The key here is to make sure you always give the same command at the same time in a clear voice. Border Collies are known for being extremely intelligent but this also means they can understand many different words or sounds which may confuse or distract them during training sessions.

It is important that you teach obedience from an early age when it still has a lot of energy to expend on things like hunting or playing ball games. Obedience training should start when your Border Collie is between six and eight months old.

Physycal Needs

Border Collies are a herding breed of dog. They have a lot of energy, and they need a lot of physical activity. If they don’t get enough exercise, they can become destructive or hyperactive instead.

Social Needs

Most Border Collies are pack animals that need socialization with other dogs to stay happy and well-behaved. In order for this to happen, you should either introduce your Border Collie to as many dogs as possible or take them to a dog park so they can play with others.

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Cognitive Needs

Border Collies have a high intelligence and need constantly stimulating their brain so they stay healthy and happy. This means playing intellectual games with them, teaching them new tricks, and giving them a lot of toys. Chasing moving objects is also a good way to stimulate their mind, because it’s much harder for them to do than just chasing something that doesn’t move.

Border Collies are very obedient and eager to please, but they can be stubborn at times. They need to know the rules and boundaries in your house and who’s boss early on so they don’t get confused or take control of the household. Fortunately, this breed is naturally predisposed to learn new things quickly!

Emotional Needs

Border Collies are highly emotional dogs who get distressed when they’re left alone for too long. This means you shouldn’t leave them home alone for more than 4 hours each day or kennel them if you have to go away longer.

Border Collies don’t do well in households where people are gone all day and only come home to sleep. They need to spend as much time with you as possible, and they want your undivided attention when you’re at home. This means taking them with you everywhere or having someone else take care of them while you’re gone for long periods of time.

Social Skills

It’s very important that Border Collies get along well with children because they’ve been known to nip at kids’ heels if they feel there is a threat or danger involved. In order to avoid this from ever happening, it’s important that everyone–children included–know how to a dog properly so they can avoid any possible conflict.

This breed can be very social and feel at ease in many different situations, so it’s best if they get around lots of people while they’re small to get used to crowded spaces. This way, they’ll behave well in front of company or when you take them places like the dog park or the vet’s office.

Summary Border Collies are smart, high-energy dogs that need a lot of exercise and mental stimulation in order to stay happy and healthy! They love being around their humans all day long and want nothing more than your undivided attention when you’re home. Because this breed is highly emotional, it’s important that everyone in the family knows how to properly interact with a dog so any possible conflicts can be avoided.

History Border Collie

The Border Collie originated as a herding dog in order to work large flocks of sheep. The first border collies were bred by shepherds along the English/Scottish borders. However, by the 1800s, the dogs had migrated across the Atlantic and became popular because they were an excellent addition to farm work, guarding livestock and hunting pests. Today, these dogs continue to be used as working and sport dogs throughout Europe and North America.


Male dogs generally stand between 18-22 inches and weigh about 38 kg while females typically measure 17-21 inches and usually weighs around 27 kg. Their long coats require attention, so they should be brushed on a regular basis to keep their fur in the best shape possible. They shed year round, more heavily during seasonal changes and fall months. Despite their high energy levels, these dogs only need one daily walk since they get most of their exercise from playing with other animals or family members throughout the day. When allowing them outside during playtime, it is important that they are not left unsupervised because these dogs have a tendency to wander off.


Border Collies are energetic, intelligent, and agile dogs that have a high prey-drive. Their intelligence can be seen in their willingness to obey commands easily without being rewarded. It is said that Border Collies are one of the smartest working breeds of dogs on Earth.

When training a Border Collie, it is important to keep in mind how sensitive they are to correction. They have what is known as “sensitive skin.” This means that when they are corrected with physical discipline, the dog will become very anxious. This creates an issue for some people because they may incorrectly assume that the dog is not smart enough or not showing enough effort in learning, when in fact it is more of a sensitivity issue. Therefore, if you do not know Border Collies and their traits, you cannot assume that the dog is not smart enough, lazy, or stubborn.

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They are very sociable dogs and love to be involved in everything going on around them. This includes being a part of family activities such as camping trips or gatherings with friends. Because they want to spend time with their owners, they may behave destructively when left alone for long periods of time. It is important that you leave these dogs engaged by providing them with a couple hours of activity each day before leaving them at home all day unattended.

Border Collies also have a tendency to herd people and other animals whether it’s wanted or not. They often do this through nipping at heels or barking, and these behaviors can occur without them even being trained. It is hard to say whether this trait comes from their herding heritage or if they do it as an attempt to engage with the people and animals that they live with.

It is important that you raise your Border Collie pup in a way that allows him to be comfortable with his surroundings and those who he lives with. Since these dogs love spending time with the family, it’s important that they are exposed to new situations and people at a young age so they aren’t suspicious around strangers or children.

Border Collies tend to have a high prey drive, which means they will chase after small animals such as cats and squirrels once outside of their fenced yard. They also enjoy chasing after balls and toys. This can be difficult to manage if you have a cat or if your dog isn’t properly trained.


The average life expectancy of a Border Collie is between 10-14 years. They are considered healthy with few issues unless they are prone to genetic conditions that are common within certain breeds or have allergies. Some of the most common diseases for this breed include cataracts, glaucoma, deafness, cerberal palsy, diabetes mellitus, ichihasis and thyroid disease. The breed is also predisposed to hernias, hip dysplasia, osteochondritis dessicans (OCD), elbow dysplasia and epilepsy. To identify some of these issues early on in your dog’s life it offers health testing before breeding as well as after the age of six months.


The Border Collie is an intelligent, adorable dog that has a bond with his owner. They are also used in sheep herding and recently, they have been used to assist law enforcement with apprehension of criminals.

They are also great at agility and obedience events. Do not let their intelligence and energy fool you: the Border Collie is a wonderful family pet that will keep you entertained both mentally and physically.

They are highly energetic dogs that need daily exercise, either running after a ball or playing frisbee, or even chasing sheep! They are very fast dogs so they have to be watched carefully around roads. The Border Collie coats also require regular brushing to prevent any mats from developing in the fur.

Do not allow your Border Collie to jump up on guests as this is considered rude in most canine social circles. To help with training discourage jumping up by crossing your arms over your body while saying “no”, praising when he has all four feet on the ground after greeting someone.

Because they are very intelligent dogs, they require several hours of exercise every day. They do not like to be alone for long periods of time and can suffer from separation anxiety if left alone for too long. They also need at least 40-60 minutes of mental stimulation everyday as well. Border Collies are highly energetic dogs that derive most of their mental satisfaction from chasing things so it is important to provide toys that satisfy this desire.

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They are very loving dogs and would love nothing more than to please you! As with any dog, there is a risk of behavioral problems developing because of poor training or lack thereof, but this breed responds well to consistent training because they enjoy it so much! It is best to provide canine sports that engage the mind as well as the body.

They are wonderful canine athletes that require constant physical and mental stimulation! Providing them with a job, such as herding or agility will help immensely with his daily exercise needs. However, it is important not to push too hard on these types of activity because they can easily become bored if all their energy is spent in one day.

It is also possible for this breed to herd children so they should be supervised around small children at all times. They are highly intelligent dogs with lots of energy but can make great pets for families or active individuals who have plenty of time to spend exercising them every single day. A lonely Border Collie does not do well because he requires constant attention and reinforcement of good behaviors.

Because they are an intelligent breed, they require lots of mental stimulation in order to prevent them from becoming bored. Border Collies like to be challenged, whether it is with agility or obedience classes, or even playing catch! They thrive when they feel that their human companion is pleased with them; therefore, rewards are very important when training this breed. Be careful not to over-exercise because this will turn the Border Collie into a neurotic mess who has no grasp on reality.


1.5 to 2 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals, is the recommended amount.

NOTE: Your dog’s appetite varies depending on his size, age, structure, metabolism, and activity level. Dogs are unique individuals just like humans, and they don’t require the same quantity of food. It goes without saying that a hard-working dog will need more than a slacker dog. The quality of food you purchase also makes a difference; the better the dog food is for your pet, the further it will go toward nourishing him while reducing the amount of shake necessary to fill his bowl.

Coat Color And Grooming

Border Collies come in two coat types: rough and smooth. Both are double coats with a rougher outer layer and softer inner layer. The rough variety has feathering on its legs, chest, and belly. The smooth variety is short all over, although it may be coarser than the rough kind.

His coat is usually black, with a white blaze on the face, neck, feet, lower limbs, and tail tip; sometimes there is tan. He may be any bicolor (tricolor), tricolor (merle), merle (solid color) or solid color (bicolor) except for white.

He doesn’t require much grooming to keep him looking great, and he isn’t afraid of strangers. His weather-resistant double coat requires brushing once a week to prevent oil accumulation and matting in the rough variety. Brush him more often during shedding season to reduce hair loss around the house (he sheds seasonally). Only bathe when absolutely necessary — at least every four months or when he’s really filthy or stinks.

To eliminate tartar buildup and the bacteria that reside within it, brush your Border Collie’s teeth at least two or three times a week. If you want to avoid gum disease and foul breath, daily brushing is even better.

Trim his nails once a month if necessary, and examine his ears weekly for dirt, redness, or a foul odor that might signal an infection. Then clean them out using a cotton ball moistened with mild, pH-balanced ear cleanser to avoid difficulties.

Check for sores, rashes, or signs of infection like redness, tenderness, or swelling on the skin, in the nose, mouth, and eyes, as well as on the feet while grooming. The eyes should be clear with no redness or discharge. Early detection of potential health issues can be aided by your regular weekly checkup.