Bernese Mountain Dogs – Dog Breeds Information Details

Bernese Mountain Dogs are large, heavy-boned dogs with a thick coat. They got their name from the Swiss Alps where they were used as working dogs on farms and to haul carts. The Bernese Mountain Dog is an amiable dog that gets along well with other pets and children.

Bernese Dogs are usually calm but they have been known to be very protective of their home, family or property if they feel threatened or challenged in any way.

This Dogs do not require excessive exercise because of their size but they should still be taken for walks regularly since it will help them stay healthy and happy!

The Bernese was originally used as a cart-dog in the Swiss Alps. The breed was originally known in Switzerland as ‘Berner Sennenhund’ (the mountain dog of the Berner people) but in June 1904, this name was changed to the one we know it by today.

The appearance of this breed has changed very little throughout its history. Dogs of this breed are large and sturdy with a thick, dark, weather resistant coat that is nearly-triangular in shape. The ears are pendant shaped and can reach to the end of their nose while pulled back against the head. Their eyes are hazel to brown in color and should not protrude.


The Bernese mountain dog is a medium-sized Swiss breed of dog that originated in the Alps. It was originally used as a general farm dog, and also served as a family pet and in the pulling of carts and sleds. The coat is rustic and provides protection from harsh weather. These dogs need to be socialized well when they are young because their size might scare people who are not familiar with them.


The Bernese Mountain Dog is a very obedient breed of dog that has excellent trainability. This means that they are eager to learn new tricks and enjoy being trained. They are very intelligent and have an eagerness to please which makes them easy to train.

The breed is best suited for a strong-willed owner who can be both fair and firm with their dog. This will allow the dog to know the difference between it being rewarded for good behavior or being punished for bad behavior. The Bernese Mountain Dog has been known to be a well mannered house pet as long as they receive daily exercise and lots of love from their owners. They enjoy going out on walks, hikes, jogs, runs, and biking trips. If not well exercised, they can become restless by staying inside too much without any activity whatsoever. They prefer the outdoors but will make do as long as you include them in your daily activities.

Physical Needs

The Bernese Mountain Dog originated in the Swiss Alps. The breed was created by mixing the old-fashioned mastiff with the native herding dog. These big, strong dogs are known for their exceptional intelligence, loyalty, and gentle demeanor.

Berners are large dogs who can weigh anywhere from 100 to 130 pounds. A typical pup will grow up to be about 24″ tall at the shoulder for males, while females are usually 23″ tall at the shoulder. They have long brown coats that often have black spots or stripes down their back. They also have long feathering on their legs that some people find annoying although it is necessary to keep the pup cool in hot weather.

They are considered a middle of the road shedding dog, which means that they shed moderate amount of dander and loose hair. They are easy to groom but their heavy coat does take some effort to maintain especially in the summer months where you must be very diligent about brushing them daily. Trimmed nails should also be done on a regular basis as Bernese Mountain Dogs have extremely thick nails that grow quickly.

Bernese Mountain Dogs need at least an average sized yard to stretch their legs in or other space where they can roam free for at least 30 minutes 2-3 times per day. They do fine with apartment living, but it’s important to make sure your pup has plenty of exercise each day because this breed can become bored easily which can lead to destructive behaviors.

History Bernese Mountain Dog

The Molosser is one of the most adaptable, well-traveled, and influential in the creation of a range of Mastiff-type dogs, including Berners.

The Appenzeller Sennenhund, Entlebucher Sennenhund, Greater Swiss Mountain Dog, and Berner Sennenhund are four types of Swiss Sennenhunds that are thought to have emerged as cross-breeds between farm dogs from the Swiss Alps and Roman Molosser or Mastiff-type dogs brought with them during their conquests of the Alps in the first century B.C.

The Berner is a quiet, hardy breed that has been working on Swiss farms for more than 2,000 years. It’s likely that they’ve worked on tiny holdings in the Alps for millennia, occasionally pulling carts or accompanying animals while standing guard and providing devoted company to their owners.

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By 1888, only 36% of the Swiss population was employed in agriculture, and the need for a strong dog that could herd cattle and pull a cart full of goods had decreased. However, in 1899, the Swiss became interested in preserving their native breeds and founded Berna, a dog club made up of breeders from many different purebreed dogs.

The Swiss dog club sparked interest in the Swiss mountain breeds when it sponsored a display at Ostermundigen in 1902. The Mountain dogs took a major step forward with several events two years later, when the Swiss dog club hosted a class for “Bernese shepherd dogs,” which included the Bernese Mountain Dog. These dogs were also referred to as “Bernese” for the first time during this event. In addition, in that same year, the Swiss Kennel Club recognized the Bernese Mountain Dog as a breed.

During World War I, dog competitions and breeding fell behind to the needs of the war effort. However, after the conflict, the first Bernese Mountain Dogs were sent to Holland before settling in the United States—though it was not yet recognized by the American Kennel Club.

In 1936, two British breeders began importing Berners, and the first litter of Berner pups was born in England. In 1936, Glen Shadow Kennel in Louisiana acquired a female and a male Berner from Switzerland. In 1937, the AKC sent Glen Shadow a letter stating that the Bernese Mountain Dog had been accepted as a new breed in the Working Class.

The breed was again halted during World War II, but importation and certification resumed in the United States after 1945.

The Bernese Mountain Dog Club of America was founded in 1968, with 62 members and 43 registered Berners. In 1994, there were more than 100 members in the club after three years. Meanwhile, during World War II, the breed had vanished from England.

The Bernese Mountain Dog Club of America became an AKC member in 1981. The present Bernese Mountain Dog standard was adopted by the AKC in 1990.


The average height for a male is 25 to 28 inches tall at the shoulder and weighs 80 to 115 pounds. Females are 23 to 26 inches tall and weigh 70 to 95 pounds on average. The breed may be smaller or larger than average.


The Berner is a kind, clever, and attentive dog. They’re also mild-tempered, calm, and patient. They enjoy being with family and benefit from inclusion in family activities. One of his most prominent characteristics is his enormous size, which must be addressed early on to teach them how to comport themselves appropriately in the house and around people. It takes a long time for them to mature since they are slow to reach mental maturity.

The Berner is loyal to his family and does not usually attack. They may be standoffish with strangers and somewhat reserved, so introducing your Berner puppy to a wide range of people, animals, and situations is critical.

Temperament is a function of several elements, including genetics, training, and socialization. Puppies with excellent temperaments are inquisitive and playful; they’re eager to approach people and be picked up by them.

Meet and spend time with the dog you want to adopt to ensure that he or she has a good disposition. Although it isn’t always feasible, meeting siblings or other family members of the parents may help you assess what a puppy will be like as an adult, although this isn’t always an option if you get your pet from a shelter or rescue.

Early socialization is important for every dog, particularly the Berner: exposure to a wide variety of people, sights, noises, and experiences when they’re young. When your Berner puppy is young, socializing him helps guarantee that he becomes a well-rounded companion.

A wonderful beginning is to enroll them in a puppy kindergarten class. Inviting friends and family over on a regular basis, as well as taking your dog for walks in busy areas, stores that allow dogs, and leisurely strolls to meet neighbors are all good methods of developing their social skills.


Berners occasionally suffer from health problems as a result of inbreeding. Although not all Berners will acquire any or all of these disorders, it’s important to be aware of them if you’re thinking about adopting one.

You should discuss this with your vet about checking for hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, hypothyroidism, and von Willebrand’s disease if you have Berners. Here’s more information on a couple of diseases to be aware of.

Cancer: Bernese Mountain Dogs can suffer from a wide range of cancers and may result in death early. Symptoms include swollen bumps or sores that do not heal, bleeding from any body hole, and problems with breathing or elimination. Chemotherapy, surgery, and drugs are all used to treat cancer.

Hip Dysplasia: The thighbone does not fit snugly into the hip joint in this condition, which is passed down from parent to puppy. Some dogs develop pain and lameness on one or both rear legs, while others do not. (X-ray screening is the most reliable method for detecting the problem.) Regardless of whether or When puppies with hip dysplasia are bred, they should not be.

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Elbow Dysplasia: This is also a degenerative disease that affects big-breed dogs. It’s thought to be caused by faulty growth and development, which causes a deformed and weakened joint. The illness can happen in various degrees of severity, with the dog developing arthritis or becoming lame as a result. Treatment includes surgical mending, weight reduction, medical therapy, and anti-inflammatory medication

Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA): This is a group of eye disorders in which the retina deteriorates gradually. Affected dogs become night-blind early in the illness, and their vision deteriorates during the day as it advances. Many afflicted dogs accept their deteriorated or lost vision if their environment does not change.

Portosystemic Shunt (PSS): A liver shunt is a congenital abnormality in which blood vessels allow blood to bypass the liver. As a result, the liver does not adequately cleanse the blood as it should. Symptoms, which generally manifest before two years of age, include but are not limited with neurobehavioral anomalies, lack of interest, hypoglycemia (low blood sugar), gastrointestinal upsets, urinary tract issues, drug intolerance, and growth delay. The majority of cases require surgery.

Von Willebrand’s Disease: This is a blood disorder that affects the clotting process found in both dogs and people. An affected dog will have symptoms including nosebleeds, bleeding gums, prolonged bleeding following surgery, lengthy bleeding during heat cycles or after whelping, and occasionally blood in the stool. This condition is generally identified between three and five years of age, but it can’t be cured. However, with therapies such as cauterizing or suturing wounds, transfusions before surgery, and avoidance of specific medicines, it may be controlled.

Panosteitis: Pano, also known as self-limiting lameness, is a condition that affects the Greater Swiss Mountain Dogs. The dog may begin to limp first on one leg, then on another—and then the limping will stop at around 5 to 12 months of age. There are generally no long-term consequences. If your Berner is in severe discomfort, rest and restricted activity might be required for a time. Your best bet for treating your Berner is to feed them a high-quality dog food with enough calcium but not too much protein, according on some veterinarians.

Gastric Torsion: Bloat, also known as paunch, is a deadly disease that can afflict big, deep-chested dogs like Bernese Mountain Dogs. This is especially true if they are fed one large meal a day, eat quickly, drink lots of water after eating, and exercise vigorously after eating. Bloat is more common among older dogs. When the stomach becomes distended with gas or air and subsequently twists (torsion), it’s called bloat. The dog is unable to belch or vomit because the increased volume of air in the stomach prevents blood from returning to the heart on its own. Blood pressure falls, and the animal goes into shock.

If your dog is unable to receive immediate medical care, he or she may die. If your dog has a distended stomach and is drooling excessively and retching without vomiting, it’s possible that he or she has bloat. They might be restless, sad, lethargic, and weak, with a quick pulse. If you observe any of these symptoms in your pet, you should take him or her to the veterinarian immediately.


The Bernese Mountain Dog is a large, sturdy breed with a typical lifespan of about 10 to 13 years. These dogs, which are Swiss in origin, are renowned for their calm temperament and have been touted as one of the best breeds for children due to their patience and tolerant nature. They are very gentle with children, elders, and other small animals – just don’t get them riled up. Berners require little coat care – just brush them occasionally and bathe when necessary.

General Health and Diet: Bernese Mountain dogs are generally a very healthy breed. However, they do have a few general health concerns that owners should pay attention to. Eye problems such as glaucoma and cataracts can appear in all large dog breeds, however the latter is especially prevalent in dogs with lighter colored eyes (as in the bernese mountain dog). This condition affects dogs by clouding their lenses, which makes it difficult to judge distance when moving through an environment. It also forces them to rely more on their other senses, so diagnosis is best left in the hands of professionals. The same applies for hip dysplasia – which has become standard for larger dogs due to their size and weight. Owners can help avoid this condition by not overfeeding their pets, which is easy to follow considering that Berners are prone to weight gain. Just like most large breeds, bernese mountain dogs also have a tendency to drool – so be prepared for plenty of stains on your clothes!

Grooming: As stated in the previous section, these animals do not require extensive coats or even haircuts. Since there is little hair growth here, grooming will just take place during baths and brushing sessions. Owners should also check their dog’s ears regularly for wax buildup, infections, dirt build up (which can cause pain), or mites (tiny parasites that live in an animal’s ear). Additionally it is important to pay attention to the eyes – making sure they are free from irritants and have no signs of infection.

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Exercise: Bernese Mountain Dogs are best described as a low-energy dog breed. Although they do require daily walks to stay healthy, owners should not be concerned about their dogs getting in shape – even if they deny all exercise opportunities offered by their owner! This is because the breed has a very deliberate gait that does not expend much energy or induce high heart rates. Therefore, these animals are perfect for families with smaller children who would not be able to handle a more active pet in their home.

Bred to work all day on farms herding livestock back into cow sheds, this Working Dog breed will keep going strong throughout the day given sufficient activity, but boredom could lead to trouble. With this activity need met the Bernese Mountain Dog is happy to lounge around with kids, take a walk or curl up on the sofa. The best suited home for this breed is one where someone is out at work for much of the day, so that there are no issues with them being left alone.

While they do not demand lots of space, this breed does need open areas in which to stretch their legs and play about both indoors and outdoors. A back garden ample enough to include children’s play equipment, a good sized lawns to romp around on will suit most Bernese Mountain Dogs well providing it is properly fenced off from roads and free from hazards.

Given they were bred farm dogs the Bernese Mountain Dog enjoys a good run around and will be happy to play ball or Frisbee for hours on end.

Training: Bernese Mountain Dogs are known as “velcro dogs” because of their loyalty and need to bond with their owner. They require extensive socialization at a young age, especially when you introduce them to new people and animals so that they grow up not being suspicious or aggressive towards strangers or other dogs. It is also important for owners to note that these dogs do not move quickly – which is why it can sometimes be difficult for them to get out of the way in time! It would therefore benefit one’s family if they trained their dog into proper obedience (especially as its size increases over time). House training should be relatively


There are many different types of food that a Bernese Mountain Dog should be eating. When feeding your Bernese, consider the best-quality dry dog food possible. You could also feed them a high-quality wet dog food as well, just not as their main dish. Be sure to provide your Bernese with access to clean and fresh water at all times.

Coat Color And Grooming

The Berner coat is a beautiful double coat with a longer outer layer and a fluffy undercoat. The majority of the Berner’s body is covered in jet-black hair with rich rust and brilliant white, although it may be colored. There’s generally a white mark on the chest that resembles an upside down cross, as well as a white blaze between the eyes and on the tip of the tail.

However, the Berner has a downside: it is a shedder. They shed lightly throughout the year and heavily in the spring and fall. Brushing several times each week helps to minimize hair around the home and keep the coat clean and tangle-free. Periodic bathing every three months or so will maintain their tidy appearance.

To eliminate tartar buildup and the germs that hide inside it, brush your Berner’s teeth at least twice or three times a week. If you want to prevent gum disease and foul breath, daily brushing is even better.

Trim your dog’s nails once a month if they don’t naturally shed to avoid painful tears and other issues. If you can hear them clicking on the floor, they’re too long. Dog toenails have blood vessels, so if you cut too deep you could cause bleeding and your dog won’t cooperate when the nail clippers are next out. So, if you’re not sure what you’re doing, seek assistance from a vet or groomer.

Check your dog’s ears once a week for redness or an unpleasant odor, which could be a sign of illness. To help keep infections at bay, clean out your dog’s ears with a cotton ball dampened with mild, pH-balanced ear cleaner. Don’t put anything into the ear canal; simply clean the outer ear.

When your Berner is a puppy, begin brushing and examining him. Handle their paws on a regular basis, and check inside their mouths. Make grooming a pleasurable experience with lots of praise and rewards, and you’ll be well on your way to simple veterinary examinations and other handling when they’re adults.

Check for sores, rashes, and indications of infection such as redness, pain, or inflammation on the skin, in the nose, mouth, and eyes, as well as on the feet while grooming. The eyes should be clear with no redness or discharge. Early detection of potential health issues can be aided by your regular monthly examination.