10 Rare Dog Breeds That Are Almost Extinct

Rare breeds of dogs are in danger of extinction due to lack of interest and breeding.

The most dangerous consequence is that the breed will be lost forever. If a new owner does not come forward, it may go extinct within a few generations. The history and origination story behind these rare dog breeds are fascinating! Let’s learn about some of the more obscure ones together!

The very rare dog breeds listed in this article are amongst some of most unusual and beautiful dogs that have ever existed. Over the last 150 years, most of them have been put at risk due to a lack of interest from breeders, people who want to own a certain animal and the high costs involved in their upkeep. That is why they’re so rare!

Bergamasco Sheepdog

The Bergamasco Sheepdog is an Italian breed of dog that was originally used for livestock herding in the Bergamo Alps. With its long, dense hair that forms dreadlocks, it has become a popular house pet in recent years despite its rarity and high maintenance costs. The coat – which is completely white – requires weekly brushing in order to prevent mats.


The Azawakh is an African sighthound dog breed that was originally bred for the purpose of hunting gazelle, hare and other desert wildlife. It has a slender body with long legs, deep chest and sloping back. The breed is also known for its unique diagonal running gait that makes it exceptional to watch when in motion.


The Mudi is a small Hungarian herding dog that was once very popular despite its rarity. Unfortunately, the breed declined within Europe due to poor breeding practices and low popularity among today’s potential pet owners. The Mudi is a very active breed that requires at least 20-30 minutes of exercise per day to remain physically and mentally healthy. This dog has a short, dense coat that comes in many colors.

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Irish Red and White Setter

The Irish Red and White Setter is the original version of what we know today as the Irish Setter. It also has a close cousin called the English White Setter which was derived from it centuries ago. This breed is commonly confused with its more popular relative because they are very similar in appearance, but their personalities are quite different . The Red and White Setter is an intelligent, energetic dog that requires frequent exercise to stay healthy.

Cimarron Uruguayo

The Cimarrón Uruguayo is considered one of the rarest dog breeds in South America due to low numbers of breeding individuals remaining worldwide. Originating from feral dogs found on ships arriving from Great Britain , this non-specific canine is virtually impossible to identify due to crossbreeding within local populations over hundreds of years. As a result, it has been nearly impossible to improve the breed genetically. This dog’s most remarkable feature is its blue tongue!


Xoloitzcuintli is a Mexican hairless dog that was used as a temple guardian in ancient Mexico. They were favored by the Aztecs and Mayans for their supposed psychic abilities which made them ideal companions for shamans who could supposedly speak with spirits. An Xoloescuinle would stay close to its owner at all times and sacrifice itself if necessary . In modern times, this has led to misconceptions about the dog as being a mystical creature rather than an actual breed of dog from Mexico. The Xolo is considered one of the world’s oldest dog breeds.

Spanish Water Dog

The Spanish Water Dog is a rare breed that was developed in Spain and Portugal over four hundred years ago. The breed was used to herd fish into fishermen’s nets and retrieve anything that fell into the water from boats, making it ideal for maritime work. They’re also valued as hunters due to their exceptional scenting ability and affinity for swimming . Unfortunately, this dog is now quite hard to find throughout the world due to crossbreeding with other breeds such as Labrador Retrievers and Portuguese Water Dogs.

Carolina Dog

Carolina Dogs are one of the few breeds in America that originate from Native American dogs rather than European ones . This type of dog was originally found living among tribes throughout the Eastern seaboard and is believed to be one of the only breeds that’s not derived from wolves or coyotes. American settlers who entered these lands brought with them their own dogs, which led to crossbreeding between native and non-native breeds over hundreds of years. As a result, Carolina Dogs lost most of their original appearance and behavior as time went on .

Ibizan Hound

The Ibizan Hound is a graceful breed that originated in Spain but was later exported throughout Europe in the 1800s. The dog is typically used for hunting small game such as rabbits due to its distinguished speed and ability to maneuver through difficult terrain easily . Unfortunately, this breed has become endangered in its country of origin due to a decrease in popularity. Ibizan Hounds can be a difficult breed to understand due to their independent and headstrong nature , but they’re a prized possession among hunters worldwide.

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source : petmd.com

The Chinook is a rare sled dog that’s considered one of the most important breeds in America because of its connection with the development of other northern breeds such as Siberian Huskies . This type of dog was developed from crosses between Canadian Inuit Dogs, Mastiffs, Pointers, and Bloodhounds over many decades before being officially established as a breed in 1983 . Since then, it has been recognized by national kennel clubs throughout the world which has led to an increase in numbers. The future looks bright for this rare and beautiful breed!

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

– What are the top 10 rare dog breeds that are Almost Extinct?

  • Bergamasco Sheepdog
  • Azawakh
  • Mudi
  • Irish Red and White Setter
  • Cimarron Uruguayo
  • Xoloescuinles
  • Spanish Water Dog
  • Carolina Dog
  • Ibizan Hound
  • Chinook

– What are some ways we can help these breeds?

Many organizations are working hard to preserve these breeds in America. One example is Noah’s Ark Animal Sanctuary, which is the only refuge for endangered and extinct pet breeds in the world! They provide a safe haven for many of these dogs that often need special care or attention because of their rare nature. In addition to this wonderful organization, all Americans can help by letting people know that they’re educated on what rare dog breeds are coming close to extinction so they understand why it’s important to save them from being completely lost forever.

– Which countries does this breed originate from and why is it still extremely rare today?

It’s originally from Spain but is close to extinction there because of crossbreeding with other breeds.

– How many of these types of dogs were originally found in America and what happened to them?

The Carolina Dog was originally found among Native American tribes living in the eastern seaboard. European settlers who entered these lands brought their own dogs, resulting in crossbreeding over hundreds of years. As a result, the Carolina dog lost most of its original appearance and behavior as time went on.

– Who developed this breed and why is it important to Americans?

It was developed by crossings between Canadian Inuit Dogs, Mastiffs, Pointers, and Bloodhounds over many decades before being officially recognized as a breed in 1983. The Chinook’s importance to Americans is because this breed has the ability to work fasts speeds while carrying heavy loads for long distances.

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– What does this dog typically do for a living and how can it be difficult to understand for many people?

It typically does hunting, but it can be difficult to understand because these are one of the different breeds that are considered ‘difficult’.

– Why is the future looking bright for these breeds?

What a loaded question. To understand that, it’s important to know that “natural selection” is natural and has been going on since the beginning of time. In short, some breeds were loved and cared for more than others which led to them being more prevalent in society today. That said, all dog breeds are needed because they’re good at something or they have a certain skill set that’s unique . For example, Pit Bulls make awesome search-and-rescue dogs! These types of dogs also make great companions for children due to their sweet disposition with kids who grow up learning how to respect these animals as living creatures.

– How were these dogs used as temple guardians in ancient Mexico by the Aztecs and Mayans?

These dogs were used as temple guardians in ancient Mexico by the Aztecs and Mayans because they were noble, people friendly, protective of their pack members, and could represent the god Xolotl.

– Where was the Xoloescuinles originally found throughout history?

The Xoloescuinles was originally found in Sierra Madre, Western Mexico before the 16th century.

– What country did Carolina Dogs originate from before becoming more common in America over time?

Carolina Dogs originally originated from the eastern seaboard of America before European settlers brought their own dogs to this region. As a result, crossbreeding occurred over hundreds of years, resulting in the Carolina dog losing most of its original appearance and behavior as time went on.>It typically does hunting, but it can be difficult to understand because these are one of the different breeds that are considered ‘difficult’.

– How did Ibizan Hounds become endangered today?

The Ibizan Hound was inbred with other breeds for years, which led to a very high rate of blindness and deafness in the breed. By the 1970s there were only 25 breeders left breeding this dog in Europe. Thankfully, a few more came from Scandinavia and today there are about 1000 registered dogs with the American Kennel Club.

If you’re interested in finding out about 10 rare dog breeds that are almost extinct, this article is for you. We’ve explored the origins of these dogs and their purposes throughout history before discussing how they became endangered today. You’ll learn why it’s important to save them now so that future generations can enjoy these types of pets as well. If any one particular breed has caught your eye, let us know because we offer information on all different kinds!